Tutorialsrule the rail models !. These rejected scriptures, both of the Old and New Testaments, have since been generally known as apocryphal. The term was applied in the Christian church at first to the esoteric or private writings and doctrines of the early church; that is, to those not publicly read or taught in the general meetings or assemblies. Standing in the tradition of the RSV, which was the only major English translation that included both the standard Protestant canon and the books that are traditionally used by Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians (the so-called 'Apocryphal' or 'Deuterocanonical' books), the NRSV is available in three formats: a standard edition with. This second volume of New Testament Apocrypha continues the work of the first by making available to English readers more apocryphal texts. Twenty-nine texts are featured, including The Adoration of the Magi and The Life of Mary Magdalene, each carefully introduced, copiously annotated, and translated into English by eminent scholars. These fascinating texts provide insights into the beliefs. The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments with the Apocryphal / Deuterocanonical Books New Revised Standard Version by NRSV Bible Translation Committee and Bruce M. Metzger 4.5 out of 5 stars 73.
- New Apocryphal Collectionsrejected Scriptures John Hagee
- New Apocryphal Collectionsrejected Scriptures King James Version
What Is The Old Testament Apocrypha? Is It Scripture?
“Apocrypha” is from the Greek for “concealed” or “hidden” (cf. 2 Esd. 12:37-38; 14: 45-46), although in current Christian usage it has the sense of “set aside” or “withdrawn” from full canonical status as Scripture.
There are two types of apocrypha books: Old Testament Apocrypha and New Testament Apocrypha. There are two types of Old Testament Apocrypha books. The first type we will refer to as the traditional Old Testament Apocrypha books. These books are included in only the Roman Catholic Bible. The second type of Old Testament Apocrypha books actually belong to the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. The New Testament Apocrypha is not included in either the Roman Catholic or Protestant Bibles. Additional comments are made below about this group of books.
Old Testament Apocrypha
The traditional books of the Old Testament Apocrypha (200 B.C.) were composed before Christ and the apostles and as late as A.D. 100. The Apocrypha is actually growing as discoveries of additional books are found. The latest additions to the Old Testament Apocrypha are the Apocalypses of Ezra and Baruch. The traditional Old Testament Apocrypha contains the following fourteen books.
Esther, Additions to
The Wisdom of Solomon
The Song of the Three Holy Children
The History of Susanna
Bel and the Dragon
The Prayer of Manasseh
All of the canonical Old Testament books are quoted by Christ or one of the New Testament books as Scripture, except for Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Obadiah, Nahum and Zephaniah (Matthew 5:17; 23:35; Luke 24:44). But the Old Testament Apocrypha is never quoted. Some want us to accept the Old Testament Apocrypha as Scripture because some of the early church fathers quoted from it, but none of the church councils quoted from it, except the Council of Trent.
The Council of Trent of A.D. 1546 adopted the Old Testament Apocrypha as scripture and included it in the Bible. Geisler and Nix state,
The Council of Trent was the first official proclamation of the Roman Catholic Church on the Apocrypha, and it came a millennium and a half after the books were written, in an obvious polemical action against Protestantism. Furthermore, the addition of books that support “salvation by works” and “prayers for the dead” at this time (1546), only twenty-nine years after Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses, is highly suspect.
That is, the Roman Catholic Church adopted the Apocrypha to fight against Luther and Protestantism. The Apocrypha contains books that teach the following:
– Salvation by works (Tobit 4:11; 12:9; Ecclesiasticus 3 :4)
– Prayers can be offered for the dead (2 Maccabbees 12:43-46)
– Selling of pardons to get an early release from purgatory
– Pay money for one’s sins to be forgiven (Tobias 12 :8, 9)
– Purgatory is real (Wisdom 3:1-4; 2 Maccabbees 12:43-46)
– Angels lie (Tobias 5 :15-19)
It is important to note that none of these doctrines are taught in the New Testament. It appears that the only reason the Roman Catholic Church adopted the Apocrypha as Scripture was to counteract the teachings of the Reformation.
It should also be noted that the 1611 King James Version Bible does include the Old Testament Apocrypha, but it is separated from the canonical books. Another important note for the reader is that there are other Old Testament Apocryphal books such as the following: Prayer of Manasseh and Psalm 151.
New Testament Apocrypha
It is important to note that some authors lump both the New Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha books together. When this occurs, this combined set is called either the New Testament Apocrypha or the Pseudepigrapha. Here we will make a distinction as does Geisler and Nix and list some books, which are used by some cults and liberals, as the New Testament Apocrypha (A.D. 70-170 or maybe as late as 4th century). This group is as follows:
Epistle of Pseudo-Barnabas (A.D. 70-79)
Epistle of the Corinthians (A.D. 96)
Ancient Homily or Second Epistle of Clement (A.D 120-140)
Shepherd of Hermas (A.D. 115-140)
Didache or the Teaching of the Twelve (A.D. 100-120)
Apocalypse of Peter (A.D. 150)
Acts of Paul and Thecla (A.D. 170)
Epistle of the Laodiceans (~4th Century)
Gospel According to the Hebrews (A.D. 65-100)
These books are rejected by both Protestants and Roman Catholics and are not included in the Bible. Obviously the contents of the New Testament Apocrypha will vary depending on the claims of the cults, false teachers and liberals. This group of books is dynamic as new discoveries result in new books being add to this category.
New Apocryphal Collectionsrejected Scriptures John Hagee
The Old and New Testament apocryphal books are not Scripture since neither Christ or the apostles of the New Testament quote from them. Additionally, they contain heretical teachings which disagree with the doctrine taught by Christ and the apostles.
1. Achtemeier et al. Harper’s Bible Dictionary. HarperSanFrancisco. 1985. p. 36.
2. Geisler and Nix. A General Introduction to the Bible. Moody Press. 1973. p. 169.
3. Ibid., p. 171.
4. Ibid., p. 172.
5. Ibid., pp. 202-205.
Suggested Links:What are the additional books of the Bible in the Catholic religion?
Is the book of Enoch inspired?
Should the Deuterocanon be included in the Holy Bible?
What Is The Bible? – Discipleship Series
How accurate is the Bible?
What books belong in the Bible? – Canon of Scripture
What is the Pseudepigrapha? Should it be in the Bible?
Is the book of Enoch inspired?
What is the Tanakh and Talmud?
Learn about this topic in these articles:
New Apocryphal Collectionsrejected Scriptures King James Version
- In biblical literature: New Testament Apocrypha
The title New Testament Apocrypha may suggest that the books thus classified have or had a status comparable to that of the Old Testament Apocrypha and have been recognized as canonical. In a few instances such has been the…Read More
- In apocrypha
All the New Testament apocrypha are pseudepigraphal, and most of them fall into the categories of acts, gospels, and epistles, though there are a number of apocalypses and some can be characterized as wisdom books. The apocryphal acts purport to relate the lives or careers of various…Read More
- In Christianity: Messianic secrets and the mysteries of salvation
…those based on apocalypses and apocrypha (such as the Apocalypse of Peter, Gospel of Thomas, Secret Gospel of Mark, and Gospel of Philip) preserve some legends and myths found in the early Christian centres of Edessa, Alexandria, and Asia Minor. The First Gospel of the Infancy of Jesus (known also…Read More
contribution to the study of Jesus
- In Jesus: Sources for the life of Jesus
Noncanonical sources, especially the apocryphal gospels, contain many sayings attributed to Jesus, as well as stories about him that are occasionally held to be “authentic.” Among these apocrypha is the Gospel of Judas, a gnostic text of the 2nd century ad that portrays Judas as an important collaborator of…Read More
- In scripture: Scriptures in Western religions
There was also a New Testament Apocrypha, but it did not achieve canonical status because of numerous spurious details.Read More