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Map highlighting the location of the province of Crotone in Italy
CountryItaly
RegionCalabria
Capital(s)Crotone
Comuni27
Government
• PresidentUgo Pugliese
Area
• Total1,717 km2 (663 sq mi)
Population
• Total174,890
• Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
88900; 888xx
Telephone prefix0962, 0984
Vehicle registrationKR
ISTAT101
WebsiteOfficial website

The province of Crotone (Italian: provincia di Crotone) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy. It was formed in 1992 out of a section of the province of Catanzaro. The provincial capital is the city of Crotone. It borders the provinces of Cosenza, Catanzaro, and also the Ionian Sea. It contains the mountain Pizzuta, the National Park of the Sila, Montagnella Park, and the Giglietto Valley.[1] Crotone was founded in 710 BCE. It participated in the Second Punic War against the Roman Republic.

The province contains 27 comuni (singular: comune), listed at comuni of the Province of Crotone.[2]

Crotone 1920 Kitsempty Spaces The Blog -

The province of Crotone (Italian: provincia di Crotone) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy.It was formed in 1992 out of a section of the province of Catanzaro.The provincial capital is the city of Crotone.It borders the provinces of Cosenza, Catanzaro, and also the Ionian Sea.It contains the mountain Pizzuta, the National Park of the Sila, Montagnella Park, and the.

History[edit]

Crotone 1920 kitsempty spaces the blog free

The area around Capo Colonna, the easternmost point of the province, revealed numerous archaeological remains of Stone Age settlements, with large quantities of Neolithic pottery being found.[3] The Greeks settled on the coasts of Calabria during the 8th and 7th centuries BC, and the city of Crotone was founded, under the name of Kroton, by Greek Achaeans in around 710 BC. It grew to become a town of 50,000 to 80,000 inhabitants around 500 BC.[4] The wrestler Milo of Croton was born in Crotone during the sixth century BC and the town had a great reputation for prowess in athletics having produced many Olympic champions. Pythagoras moved to Croton in around 530 BC, and a medical school was also based in the region at around this time. It flourished as an important port and conquered the city Sybaris under the command of Milo. Pyrrhus of Epirus then controlled the city until it fell under Roman Republic rule. The city Crotone participated in the Second Punic War, in which, it rebelled and fought against its Roman Republic rulers.[5]

The province of Crotone was formed in 1992 from land that had previously been part of the province of Catanzaro.[5]

Geography[edit]

Download whatsapp on mac. The province of Crotone is one of the four provinces in the region of Calabria in southern Italy. To the northwest lies the Province of Cosenza and to the southwest lies the Province of Catanzaro. To the south and east, the province has a coastline on the Gulf of Taranto, part of the Mediterranean Sea.[6]

The northwesterly part of Crotone forms part of the high plateau of La Sila and includes part of the Sila National Park, a rugged wilderness area which has open heathland, and forests of pine, oak, beech and fir.[7] In the upland areas chestnuts and olives are grown, and most of the province is a lowland agricultural area with orchards of citrus fruits and vineyards. The rivers are short and many dry up in summer.[6]

Free

Government[edit]

PresidentTerm startTerm endParty
Carmine Talarico7 May 199512 June 2004PDS/DS
Sergio Iritale13 June 200421 June 2009DS
Stanislao Francesco Zurlo22 June 200912 October 2014PdL
Peppino Vallone13 October 20149 January 2017PD
Nicodemo Parrilla10 January 20179 January 2018Ind.
Armando Foresta[8]10 January 201819 April 2018Ind.
Ugo Pugliese19 April 20184 December 2019UDC

Tourism[edit]

Crotone has a long history and many interesting features. The cathedral originates from the 9th to 11th centuries AD but has seen many changes to its architecture over the years. The 16th century castle of Charles V houses the local museum, but an older castle is located on an island just offshore and can only be approached by foot. Near the town are the remains of the Greek temple of Hera Lacinia, at one time the most important temple in Magna Graecia.[9][self-published source?]

The historic town of Santa Severina dates back to the ninth century BC when the Enotri, an ancient Italian tribe, inhabited the region. It later became an important Byzantine trading centre. It is built on the top of a steep-sided hill with the castle on the summit. The castle is one of the best-preserved Norman structures in the region and now houses the Archaeological Museum of Castles and Fortifications in Calabria. In the main square stands the Cathedral of Saint Anastasia, which dates back to 1274, and nearby is the Baptistry, a fine example of Byzantine architecture from the seventh to ninth centuries, and probably the oldest such structure in Calabria. On the other side of the castle stands the eleventh century Church of Santo Filomena, another fine Byzantine edifice.[10][self-published source?]

Pallagorio is another ancient town. The 'Cave of St. Maurice' was occupied in Neolithic times, Greek colonists settled here in around the seventh century BC, and Roman colonists did likewise several centuries later, and traces of their villas remain near the river. In medieval times, the village situated here came to be known as 'San Giovanni in Palagorio'. It now has many interesting churches and chapels.[11]

Umbriatico was founded by the Oenotrians before Greek colonists arrived in this district and founded nearby Kroton. It is situated on a rocky hill and accessible via a bridge over the river. During the Second Punic War it had a defensive wall, but this did not prevent the Romans from storming it and massacring the citizens. The Cathedral of San Donato has a crypt which was originally a Greek temple, with Doric columns.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^'Crotone'. Italia.it. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  2. ^'Provincia di Crotone'. Tutt Italia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  3. ^Jon Morter (2012). The Chora of Croton 1: The Neolithic Settlement at Capo Alfiere. University of Texas Press. pp. 1–2. ISBN978-0-292-74989-4.
  4. ^Jarde, A. (2013). The Formation of the Greek People. Routledge. p. 217. ISBN978-1-136-19586-0.
  5. ^ abRoy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 47. ISBN978-0-313-30733-1.
  6. ^ abThe Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN9780007419135.
  7. ^Yearbook of the Italian Parks 2005, edited by Comunicazione in association with Federparchi and the Italian State Tourism Board. ISBN88-7585-011-9
  8. ^Deputy President.
  9. ^Massetti, Enrico (2015). Calabria. Lulu.com. pp. 28–29. ISBN978-1-329-31980-6.
  10. ^Nick Bloise. Ancestors of Salvator Bloise and Rose Pippo. Lulu.com. pp. 263–264. ISBN978-1-304-59085-5.
  11. ^'Pallagorio (KR)'. ItaliaPedia. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  12. ^'Umbriatico (KR)'. ItaliaPedia. Retrieved 2 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Crotone 1920 Kitsempty Spaces The Blog Archive

  • Official website(in Italian)

Coordinates: 39°5′N17°7′E / 39.083°N 17.117°E

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Province_of_Crotone&oldid=989717966'

Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely ascetic seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares admission house borders considering France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). behind a propos 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous aficionada state of the European Union.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant visceral the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic in imitation of a management of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, diplomatic and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can in addition to be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.

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During the ahead of time center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous enemy city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for forward looking capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and build up to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed fascination in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered supplementary routes to the far and wide East and the additional World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s commercial and political capability significantly waned in the manner of the creation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting along with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was taking into account conquered and additional separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.

By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a epoch of rebellious political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was nearly extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the at the forefront 20th century, Italy quickly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite inborn one of the main victors in World case I, Italy entered a grow old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World stroke II upon the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. taking into account the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, standard a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a deeply developed country.

Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically liberal countries, afterward its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a enormously high moving picture expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional capacity and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European hold and a believer of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the devotion for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as capably as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World origin Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.

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