very noisy = deafening
- 12 Using Adjectives & Adverbssindarin Lessons For Beginners
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- Types of Adjectives. Attributive Attributives are the ones that come right before the word(s) they modify. The old man asked a question. That is a good book. I found an old, black, cotton sweater.
- In this lesson, we will start by improving a sentence using adjectives, verbs and an adverbial phrase or clause. Then we will investigate different types of speech punctuation and put them into practice. Lastly, we will write our own speech in bubbles and transfer them into sentences with the appropriate speech punctuation.
This lesson teaches your students to pay attention to small words, such as adjectives, adverbs, and verbs, to make a big difference in reading comprehension! Use as a stand-alone lesson or as a pre-lesson for.Close Reading: Introduction.https://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj1.mp3
There was a deafening roar as the rocket ship blasted off.
very painful = excruciatinghttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj2.mp3
I have an excruciating headache. I can’t even think straight.
very poor = destitutehttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj3.mp3
He grew up in a destitute family that barely had enough food to eat.
very damaging/upsetting = devastatinghttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj4.mp3
The town was destroyed by a devastating flood.
(very physically damaging)
They received the devastating news that their son was in a coma.
(very emotionally upsetting)
A flood is when there is too much water, causing damage to houses and buildings.
very beautiful = gorgeoushttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj5.mp3
Wow, those flowers are absolutely gorgeous!
After he lost weight, he started dating a gorgeous woman.
“Gorgeous” is usually used for women, not men, and for objects/places/scenery.
very busy = swampedhttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj6.mp3
I have five major projects to finish by the end of this week – I’m totally swamped.
very crowded = packedhttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj7.mp3
The stores were packed on the day before Christmas – everyone was doing last-minute shopping.
very happy/excited = thrilledhttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj8.mp3
12 Using Adjectives & Adverbssindarin Lessons For Beginners
Download free vmware esxi. Joanna’s parents were thrilled to hear that she’d won a full scholarship to college.
very shocking/scary = horrific / horrifyinghttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj9.mp3
Fifty people were badly injured in a horrific accident at the factory.
The prospect of a nuclear war is horrifying.
very amazing = mind-blowinghttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj10.mp3
Modern medical technology is mind-blowing – they can even operate on a baby before it’s born.
very fortunate = miraculoushttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj11.mp3
This book tells the story of Henry’s miraculous escape from a war-torn country.
very brave = fearlesshttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj12.mp3
He fearlessly walked into his boss’ office and asked for a big raise.
You have to be fearless to take a picture like this!
very ridiculous = absurd/preposteroushttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj13.mp3
That book contains some preposterous theories that go against the scientific consensus.
The store won’t give you a refund even though it was their mistake? That’s absurd!
very unimportant/silly = frivoloushttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj14.mp3
If you want to save money, you have to avoid making frivolous purchases like buying candy at the supermarket checkout.
very perfect = impeccablehttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj15.mp3
His academic record is impeccable and she’s at the top of her class.
very nervous = jitteryhttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj16.mp3
Most people are jittery on a first date – try to relax and just be yourself.
very remarkable = outstandinghttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj17.mp3
The results of the educational program were outstanding. More than 1,000 children were able to improve their grades.
very respected = prestigioushttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj18.mp3
My internship at a prestigious law firm was a great start to my career.
very sincere = heartfelthttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj19.mp3
He made a heartfelt speech expressing his gratitude.
very important = vitalhttps://www.espressoenglish.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/adj20.mp3
It’s vital to pay attention to the road while driving.
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What is an adjective?
Adjectives are words that describe the qualities or states of being of nouns: enormous, doglike, silly, yellow, fun, fast. They can also describe the quantity of nouns: many, few, millions, eleven.
Adjectives modify nouns
Most students learn that adjectives are words that modify (describe) nouns. Adjectives do not modify verbs or adverbs or other adjectives.
In the sentences above, the adjectives are easy to spot because they come immediately before the nouns they modify.
The technical term for an adjective used this way is predicate adjective.
Uses of adjectives
Adjectives tell the reader how much—or how many—of something you’re talking about, which thing you want passed to you, or which kind of something you want.
Three and white are modifying flowers.
Often, when adjectives are used together, you should separate them with a comma or conjunction. See “Coordinate Adjectives” below for more detail.
Degrees of comparison
Adjectives come in three forms: absolute, comparative, and superlative.Absolute adjectives describe something in its own right.
Comparative adjectives, unsurprisingly, make a comparison between two or more things. For most one-syllable adjectives, the comparative is formed by adding the suffix -er (or just -r if the adjective already ends with an e). For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, replace -y with -ier. For multi-syllable adjectives, add the word more.
Superlative adjectives indicate that something has the highest degree of the quality in question. One-syllable adjectives become superlatives by adding the suffix -est (or just -st for adjectives that already end in e). Two-syllable adjectives ending in -y replace -y with -iest. Multi-syllable adjectives add the word most. When you use an article with a superlative adjective, it will almost always be the definite article (the) rather than a or an. Using a superlative inherently indicates that you are talking about a specific item or items.
Coordinate adjectives should be separated by a comma or the word and. Adjectives are said to be coordinate if they modify the same noun in a sentence.
But just the fact that two adjectives appear next to each other doesn’t automatically mean they are coordinate. Sometimes, an adjective and a noun form a single semantic unit, which is then modified by another adjective. In this case, the adjectives are not coordinate and should not be separated by a comma.
In some cases, it’s pretty hard to decide whether two adjectives are coordinate or not. But there are a couple of ways you can test them. Try inserting the word and between the adjectives to see if the phrase still seems natural. In the first sentence, “this tattered and woolen sweater” doesn’t sound right because you really aren’t talking about a sweater that is both tattered and woolen. It’s a woolen sweater that is tattered. Woolen sweater forms a unit of meaning that is modified by tattered.
Another way to test for coordinate adjectives is to try switching the order of the adjectives and seeing if the phrase still works. In the second sentence, you wouldn’t say “No one could open the silver old locket.” You can’t reverse the order of the adjectives because silver locket is a unit that is modified by old.
Adjectives vs. adverbs
As mentioned above, many of us learned in school that adjectives modify nouns and that adverbs modify verbs. But as we’ve seen, adjectives can also act as complements for linking verbs. This leads to a common type of error: incorrectly substituting an adverb in place of a predicate adjective. An example you’ve probably heard before is:
Because “feel” is a verb, it seems to call for an adverb rather than an adjective. But “feel” isn’t just any verb; it’s a linking verb. An adverb would describe how you perform the action of feeling—an adjective describes what you feel. “I feel badly” means that you are bad at feeling things. If you’re trying to read Braille through thick leather gloves, then it might make sense for you to say “I feel badly.” But if you’re trying to say that you are experiencing negative emotions, “I feel bad” is the phrase you want.
It’s easier to see this distinction with a different linking verb. Consider the difference between these two sentences:
12 Using Adjectives & Adverbssindarin Lessons Free
“Goober smells badly” means that Goober, the poor thing, has a weak sense of smell. “Goober smells bad” means Goober stinks—poor us.
12 Using Adjectives & Adverbssindarin Lessons Pdf
When nouns become adjectives and adjectives become nouns
One more thing you should know about adjectives is that, sometimes, a word that is normally used as a noun can function as an adjective, depending on its placement. For example:
Guide is a noun. But in this sentence, it modifies dog. It works the other way, too. Some words that are normally adjectives can function as nouns:
In the context of this sentence, homeless is functioning as a noun. It can be hard to wrap your head around this if you think of adjectives and nouns only as particular classes of words. But the terms “adjective” and “noun” aren’t just about a word’s form—they’re also about its function.
12 Using Adjectives & Adverbssindarin Lessons Book
Adjective usage advice
We’ll end with a few words about adjectives and style. It’s one thing to know how to use an adjective; it’s another to know when using one is a good idea. Good writing is precise and concise. Sometimes, you need an adjective to convey exactly what you mean. It’s hard to describe a red sports car without the word “red.” But, often, choosing the right noun eliminates the need to tack on an adjective. Is it a big house, or is it a mansion? A large crowd, or a throng? A mixed-breed dog, or a mutt? A dark night, or just . . . night? Always remember to make every word count in your writing. If you need an adjective, use it. But if it’s not pulling its weight, delete it.